Epilepsy is a central nervous system disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations, and sometimes loss of awareness.
Seizure symptoms can vary widely ranging from a few seconds of staring blankly to repeated twitching of arms and legs but are almost always associated with loss of consciousness or awareness and temporary confusion. Focal seizures result from abnormal activity in one area of the brain. Generalized seizures appear when abnormal activity appears in the whole brain.
i. Complex Partial Seizures:
Affect a larger area of the brain than a simple partial seizure and they affect consciousness. During these seizures, a person cannot interact normally with other people, is not in control of his or her movements, speech or actions, does not know what he or she is doing, and cannot remember afterwards what happened during the seizure. These are often accompanied by movements called automatisms which include chewing movements of the mouth, picking at clothes, or fumbling.
ii. Temporal Lobe Epilepsy:
Type of seizure occurring in one of two temporal lobes. Complex partial seizures are the most common type of seizure in temporal lobe epilepsy. These seizures may be associated with a mixture of different feelings, emotions, thoughts, and experiences. Hallucinations may occur.
iii. Grand Mal Seizures (Tonic-clonic seizures):
This is a seizure involving the entire body. It usually consists of muscle rigidity followed by violent muscle contractions and loss of alertness. Symptoms may include biting the cheek or tongue, clenched jaw, loss of urine or stool control, difficulty breathing, etc.
Epilepsy. Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/epilepsy/symptoms-causes/syc-20350093?mc_id=bing&campaign=141805378&geo=93546&kw=Epilepsy&query=epilepsy&ad=80676678745556&network=Search&sitetarget=o&adgroup=4634137820&extension=&target=&matchtype=e&device=c&account=B013932Y&invsrc=neuro&placementsite=enterprise&msclkid=4ac3a9e9589817dfeea0f2e4d7351de5