Deep Vein Thrombosis is a condition in which a blood clot forms in one or more of the deep veins in your body, usually in the legs. This can occur if one is sitting still for a long time, or if one has other medical conditions that affect how the blood clots. DVT is a serious condition because a blood clot can break loose from the vein, travel through the bloodstream, and lodge in the lungs which blocks blood flow and can cause a pulmonary embolism, which can be fatal. While there are not usually symptoms, when they do occur symptoms include swelling in the affected area, pain, warmth over the affected area, and changes in the skin color.
Risk factors for increasing the chance of developing DVT include sitting for long periods of time, inheriting a blood-clotting disorder, prolonged bed rest, injury or surgery, pregnancy, cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, heart failure, birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy, a pacemaker, a history of DVT or pulmonary embolism, family history of CVT, being overweight, smoking, age, or height as taller men are more likely to suffer blood clots. Treatment for DVT usually includes blood thinning medication, which decrease the blood’s ability to clot. These medications can have serious side effects such as increased risk of bleeding.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), Mayo Clinic (Mar. 6, 2018), https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/deep-vein-thrombosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20352557